There are various barriers to the effective listening of students according to their own responsibility or fault. One of the most common barriers in effective listening is from the students’ environment and other forms of physical barriers. Noise, temperature, lack of proportional facilities and overpopulated number of students in a classroom all contribute to environmental barriers. Another factor that may affect effective listening is the psychological noise which is similar to cognitive barriers. This simply implies the current mood of a student or his/her emotional state of mind. It is about the thoughts racing in the minds of the students that prevent them from truly listening. There are also physiological barriers that affect listening. Students may suffer different body conditions that hinder them from giving proper attention and focus in listening such as physical illness, injury and stress. There are also barriers in effective listening of the students caused by the speaker. For example, the construction of the message of the speaker is poorly structured or too vague to understand. It is where distorted listening occurs. Students will be confused and it is difficult to understand what the speaker wants to convey. When these barriers are caused by the speaker, the students will resort to pseudo listening where they just pretend to listen but their thoughts are actually somewhere else. Another barrier for a student in listening is when students show bias to the speaker. This happens when they avoid being convinced and stick to their way of thinking despite what the speaker says. When the listener shows bias to a certain speaker, the listener applies aggressive listening where they criticize the speaker’s ideas, personality, and other characteristics. When this barrier happens, the listener will result to narcissistic listening where he/she tries to make the interaction about himself/herself. He/she interrupts the speaker or changes the topic to focus the conversation on himself/herself. Educators should be conscious about these barriers to effective listening so that they can adjust their teaching style accordingly.
Most of us send our kids to school so that they would learn as part of their educational process. Education is much more than the ABCs and 123s. It is for our children to know more about life and the world around them. Education gives us knowledge of the world. Our children develop their values, views, and opinions about the things happening not only in their immediate vicinity but even in places in the other part of the world. As our kids gain more knowledge, it is our hope that they become a better version of themselves. That is why we build them up. We teach them about life. We teach them to be grounded. We encourage them to develop critical thinking and gain wisdom along the way. So that they would not only know things but also have their own perspective in life and use that knowledge to be successful as a person.
Most of us are products of the traditional way of teaching. We attend public or private schools and with the help of our teachers, we learn about different subjects from the most basic to the advanced. Of course, these efforts should be complemented at home as the parents and guardians are still the main teachers of their children. There are also other methods of educating the young. These methods are not school-based such as those who are homeschooling. There is no problem with that. The bottom line here is that the children, whether they are in traditional or non-traditional “classrooms”, are learning things that would equip them with the tools they need to succeed on their own.
It is important for our children to be educated so that they have control over their life. It would be a facilitating factor for them to reach their dreams. that is why we educate the young. we want them to be knowledgeable about the world and not be ignorant about things that matter.
It is important that we teach our students how to listen. Effective listening happens when the students monitor their comprehension and make decisions about the strategy they use. Students need to evaluate continually what they are hearing, check the consistency with their predictions, and interpret the oral text or interaction according to their comprehension. Listening competence is a complex skill that needs to be developed consciously. It can best be developed with practice when listeners reflect on the process of listening without the threat of evaluation. Listeners need to activate appropriate background knowledge for understanding, to make predictions, and to prepare for listening. This significantly reduces the burden of comprehension for the listener. Listening, thus, is a second language.
This is a call for students, teachers, and school administrators to give importance to developing effective listening skills as it is very much connected to literacy.
By developing effective listening skills, the students themselves will benefit because it is necessary for them to learn to listen with understanding and to express their ideas clearly as speakers. This will also develop their communication skills as they have to listen effectively when they interact with other people to know the appropriate thing to say in the flow of the conversation. Ultimately, this will have a bearing in their learning and development as they will learn to comprehend and process effectively what they hear.
By knowing the barriers to effective listening, teachers will be guided on how to assist students in the development of effective listening skills. They would know the proper intervention process to take and adjust themselves and their approach to be able to make the students listen to and understand what they are teaching.
By knowing the barriers to effective listening, school administrators can implement changes in their policies, curriculum, and school surroundings to make it more convenient for students to understand what they are listening to.